of the Rehla had said, ‘ThiB 1 I.e. journey or travelling ; also -written as Rihla. 2 Leo In one of the mosques in Turkistan, Ibn Battuta witnessed a large whip. ابن فتح الله البيلوني) the other by Ibn Fathallah el Beylouny,(ابن جزي الكلبي) Djezy el Kelby. SOI printed by mistake ali i v LJI); the latter I possess.” He tells. A CRITICAL STUDY OF A TRAVELOGUE: RIHLA OF IBN E BATTUTA AND INDIA Ibn e Battuta, a youth of 21, competent and learned expert in law and.

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We kept spreading felt clothes in front of the camels for them to tread on, so that they would not sink in the snow.

The officers were selecting the most precious. Inhe began his first sea travel from Jaddah on Red Sea Coast, a difficult sea route with dangers of coral reefs and rocks under the water line and frequent storms abttuta pirates.

Crater Ibn Battuta on the Moon [6. The Travels is a medieval book which recounts the journey of the 14th-century Moroccan scholar and traveler Ibn Battuta. He stayed a month, taking part in all the ritual experiences and talking with diverse people from every Islamic land.

iibn A lot of interesting material has been excised. He narrated the beginning of his journeys as follows:. Ibn Battuta led a complete life kbn traveling. As he wrote in his Travels:. Ibn Battuta was interested in political conditions and glories of foreign rulers; in economic factors, in all sorts of strange customs, such as those of marriage and burial; in the construction of Indian beds and the kind of fuel used in China; in strange inventions, such as wagons in the Crimea or supposed way of getting rid of vermin; in remarkable animals, minerals, and to a greater degree, trees and plants, especially those useful to humans [16].

The women of these islands never leave their country. He traveled in a camel caravan of returning pilgrims, and this is when his real globetrotting began. China’s hens’ eggs are bigger than “our” goose eggs, he notes. A Muslim Traveler of the 14th Century.


Ibn Battuta

The translation includes, in numerous footnotes, various terms and places in Arabic. The Odyssey of Ibn Battuta: Leading an entourage through steppe penetrating Samarqand, Bukhara and Afghanistan, crossing Hindu Kush.

Travels of a Moroccan Scholar in France in In Ceylon Ibn Battuta observed that the people still lived in “idolatry” Buddhismyet they showed respect for Muslim dervishes, lodged them in their houses, and gave them to eat [25]. They took necessary steps like managing the caravan sarais, examining passports, taxing and monitoring strictly those going in or out,24 and allowing battuya travel through after carefully scrutinizing process by the vattuta.

China amazes Ibn Battuta for a number of reasons. Since then it is being persistently translated in other languages.

Ibn Battuta’s Rihla – World Digital Library

Berkeley and Los Angeles: Subsequently, he iibn the Black Sea and reached Kaffa, a Genoese colony which had about ships in its harbour. He decided to go to China anyway, but stopped on the way at the Maldives, an island group miles southwest off the coast of India.

This is a custom of theirs, I mean making portraits of all who pass through their country. I would ignore the review of this book that awarded this work only one star.

His work was translated into French by Defremey and Sanguinetty, a translation usefully accompanied by the Battta version. The vast networks of trade routes were safeguarded and protected by regional monarchs carefully.

Full text of “The Rehla of Ibn Battuta”

Gibb also tells of how Ibn Battuta was a hunted fugitive for eight days and was left only with the clothes he was wearing and his prayer mat, forcing him to seek refuge in Malabar, where he became Qadi again [13].

He was attacked by the rebel bandits near the town of al-Jalali, near Delhi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Edited by Tim Mackinstosh-Smith.

And during his travels, he remained spiritually within the boundaries of Islam. Ibn e Battuta had the ability to observe well and reported well as he was a highly educated and well versed person.


Moroccan stamp depicting Ibn Battuta. In the interior of Africa, he visited the mighty Mali Madinka state, in particular the cities of Timbuctu and Gao [9]. The thriving cities in s and s were facing another wave of destruction after Mongol invasions.

Ibn Battuta entered Mecca in mid-Octobera year and four months after leaving home. Ibn Battuta felt shame at the offer, and answered the sultan that his only desire was to see the famed trace of the foot of Adam supposed to be on the island [35]. This is a kind of temporary marriage. For Ibn Battuta, it went longer than any other. The exterior of the burial monument of Ibn Battuta in Tangier, built on his family’s land, part of a garden.

It is not the fault of the translator inasmuch as he translated from an abridged Arabic manuscript. Damascus had the largest concentration of famous theologians and jurists in the Arab-speaking world. It seems that Ibne Battuta made Makkah the pivotal point of his travels, as his adventures started and terminated from here. He then visited the harbour of Aden, situated on the crater of an extinct volcano facing eastern side to the Red Sea.

So, Ibn e Battuta was hosted at the courts of Turkish princes and honored as a religious and legal scholar. It was written in Arabic and represented the genre of Rihla; the genre of Arabic literature relating travelogue, comprising social and geographical narratives as well.

Damascus strikes him for the dedication of its population to all forms and manners of religious foundations, so many foundations, it is difficult for him to count them.